Extracts of Monthly Payam
Translated by: S kifayat Rizvi
The event of Karbala from Kalami perspective
Dr Mohsin Naqvi
Was Imam Hussain’s uprising justified and legitimate according to Kalami and jurisprudential point of view? Should have Imam Hussain revolted when the people of Medina and Makkah had pledged allegiance to Yazid though under coercion? Such types of other debates that took place after the event of Karbala are unnecessary and groundless, according to my perspective. The basic realities have been ignored in all these debates and discussions. Protection of religion, protection of human life, protection of property, protection of mind and protection of progeny are in the list of main goals of Islamic law. The complete and perfect religion in the sight of God which was introduced through the Last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) revolves round these five goals and it doesn’t matter whether you look at Makki or Madani verses, because these are the very goals that when their attainment is not possible and these values become non-existent in the society, the need of a new prophet and a new Sharia arises. It is known through examining the prophetic mission of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) that he (the Prophet) established the society on these very pillars. The most important among these goals is the protection of religion for which sacrifice of life and property is offered too. The sacrifice of mind is that it remains subservient to Sharia whereas the authentic meaning of progeny is only what the Sharia has fixed for it. The wrong and erroneous system established in the name of ‘dignity and honour’ can’t provide protection of progeny. One gets aware by analyzing the historical roles of the noble Prophet (pbuh) and the Ahlul Bayt that they not only fixed these five goals of Sharia but also tried to protect them. Although they were not in the seat of authority, they strived to make others understand the secret that everything is safe when religion is safe and that it is not important for any society to remain existing in the history, but what is important is that it survives with its true and real values.
Imam Hussain and Maulana Jalaldin Rumi
Without paying tributes to Imam Hussain in an ecstatic way and showing strong emotional attachment with him, it is not possible for any Muslim Sufi poet to describe deep meanings of love, putting to full use religious literature in this regard, using Quranic texts in his poetical works which get illuminated by virtue of the shine of the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Due to the status that Maulana Rumi has among the poetic geniuses and matchless experts of Gnosticism and love, such things have been said about him that my pen is not able to write anything about them. What will be better than has been said about his Masnavi:
Masnavi–ye Ma'navi-ye Maulavi
Hast Quran Dar Zaban-e-Pahlavi
(The spiritual couplets of the Maulana are the Quran in the Persian tongue)
When I turned my attention towards this I found three Ghazals (genre of poetry) in Maulana’s literary works and two Nazms (poems not in the form of Ghazal) in Masnavi written about Imam Hussain, his family and his friends as well as about the event of Karbala which are directly based on very deep and mystical meanings. However, I haven’t seen any research work or article that has shed light on this subject. On one hand, I had intended to publish a special number of the Payam in connection with the month of Muharram, while on the other Maulana Rumi’s thoughts regarding martyrdom of Imam Hussain and the events of Karbala were in my mind and so this research paper has been compiled in this backdrop. Hopefully, the respected readers will benefit from it and that my wishes in the court of God will be accepted.
Imam Hussain’s martyrdom and highly respected ulamas
Saqib Akbar has started studying and compiling the thoughts of responsible and trustworthy Islamic personalities about Imam Hussain and Karbala. The following pieces are chosen from this series of his writings which are based on the thoughts and beliefs of eminent ulama of the Subcontinent namely Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlavi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Maulana Syed Abu Ala Maudoodi about Imam Hussain. The aim of these writings is firstly to know and benefit from the thoughts of these reputed personalities besides revealing that Imam Hussain is the common leader and guide of the whole Islamic community and that all Muslims are gaining from the lesson hidden in his great martyrdom and that they are expressing their extreme displeasure with the beliefs and thoughts of the killers and enemies of Imam Hussain. We hope that these articles will turn out to be very useful for our readers.
Three sample pieces of writings about Imam Hussain
Syed Nisar Ali Tirmizi
It is surely difficult to cover all aspects of what has been written about the persona of Imam Hussain, but as there are commonalities in beliefs and commandments, at the same time there are personalities that are also common to all and Imam Hussain is one among them. It is for this reason that ulama, intellectuals and poets belonging to all schools of thought have written a lot about Imam Hussain, negating this perception that perhaps a particular sect has monopoly on him. All great personalities are treasures of whole humanity and confining them to a particular religion, sect or region is equivalent to doing injustice to them. Below are given three sample pieces of writings which authenticate my view. The first among these three pieces is penned by well-known Deobandi alim Mufti Muhammad Shafi, who was the founder of Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi and died in 1976. The second write-up is authored by renowned Ahle Hadith alim late Maulana Syed Dawood Ghaznavi and the third article has been extracted from the books written by distinguished Barelvi alim Maulana Muhammad Shafi Okarvi, who passed away in 1984.
Imam Hussain’s prayers and supplications are Divine treasures
Dr Nadeem Abbas Baloch
Supplications of Imam Hussain are a great source of knowing the God. These supplications tell us about the powers and authority of God and the helplessness and inability of human being. A feature of these supplications is that a person is apparently praying, but at the same time he is also becoming familiar with great religious treasure. These supplications teach us about the belief in the Akhirah (Hearafter), belief in the Tawassul (intercession), belief in Nubuwwah (prophethood) and Imamah, besides instructing us about basic Islamic commandments and morals like speaking the truth, avoiding indulging in Ghibah (backbiting), following the commands of God, concealing the faults of others, repenting to Allah after committing a sin etc. It seems that Imam Hussain, through these supplications, has put together his objective, which is gaining the knowledge of religion and spending one’s life according to its teachings.
Imam Hussain and Urdu poetry
Ali Yasir is a young but mature poet of the contemporary era. He has not only earned a place and status but also respect for himself in the world of literature and knowledge in a very short period. His poetry relating to Ahlul Bayt emanates from deep down the heart, touching the minds and souls and appealing to hearts before evoking admiration and acclaim. His presence in the Pakistan Academy of Letters is a kind of God’s favour for the literati. We requested him to collect the poetical works depicting the aspects of Imam Hussain and Karbala that have been highlighted in Urdu poetry and also write few lines about them. He obliged to it and tried to get to the bottom using his vast knowledge regarding the subject. He deserves praise and appreciation for compiling this beautiful piece and we are indebted to him for this effort. Besides other exceptionalities, the author, in this piece of writing, has selected various verses in praise of Imam Hussain’s personality and his stand written by some non-Muslim poets. He must have spent countless hours in perusing the modern and old masters of poetry as well as beautiful writings of contemporary writers before selecting the best ones for the readers of the Monthly Payam. This research work is in itself an important document for the researchers and also making way easy for others to exert their best endeavours in this respect.
A pick from social media posts about Imam Hussain’s uprising
From time to time we use to select from the posts appearing on social media, discussing important academic and scholarly topics, and present the same to our valued readers. This time we have picked some posts for this special number regarding the month of Muharram. With the permission of the people who are authors of these posts, they are included in this edition for the study of our readers.