Namaz: Jurisprudential, philosophical and mystical aspects

Namaz (prayer) is the zenith of a believer. This worship has various aspects about which a lot have been said by religious scholars. Jurists have talked about its jurisprudential delicacies while the philosophers have laid bare its philosophical facets and mystics have drawn attention towards its mystical features. The aim of all this was to develop awareness of becoming more and more familiar with the prayer so that a human being appears before Allah in a cognizant and conscious state. The editor of Monthly Payam has in the write up under consideration presented a brief review of the above mentioned three aspects with the hope that the respected readers of this magazine will benefit from it.

 


Quran, Aql and reasoning
(In the backdrop of Islamic philosophy)

The holy Quran has talked about Aql (intellect), consciousness, cogitation and discernment at more than sixty places and such a thing can’t be found in any other religious book. No other religious scripture has given so much emphasis on Aql (intellect) and Burhan (proof) whereas the holy Quran invites its opponents explicitly to come with proof and says if you are truthful in what you say then produce proof to corroborate your point [Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him), "Produce your proof if you are truthful." (2:111)]. One purpose of laying so much stress on Aql and Muntiq (logic) and thinking and reflection is to make us understand that one is asked to use Aql when a thing is not detectable and it is needed to use Aql to reach the inward of that thing from what is visible. It is to say that the Quran invites us to get to the bottom in order to find the realities and know the essence by rising above what is visible and leaving behind worldly and superficial appearance. In the article under discussion, Syed Nasir Zaidi, who himself is a philosophy teacher, has spoken about these meanings.

 

 

Justification of temporary marriage when the need arises

Ammar Khan Nasir is a teacher at Gift University, Gujranwala and belongs to a well-known and educated Deobandi family. He is a young thinker having a distinctive point of view on religious matters which is a result of his understanding of religion and jurisprudential study. The issue of temporary marriage has remained a much disputed matter in the history of Islam. Recently, this issue has once again become a point of discussion due to inclination towards the temporary marriage in view of the social conditions prevailing in western countries. Ammar Khan Nasir has in this piece of writing penned the gist of his studies regarding the temporary marriage and the same is presented for the benefit of valued readers of the Monthly Payam.

 

 

Martyr Murtaza Mutahhari’s philosophy of Muslims unity

It may not be wrong to reckon Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari as one among the founders of Islamic revolution in Iran. His thoughts, lectures and statements played vital role in revolutionizing the Iranian society. His works have been published in many volumes and many of his books have been translated in Urdu as well. He had deep understanding of Islamic philosophy and was peerless in describing the reasoning behind Ahkam (commandments) and Aqaid (beliefs). His thoughts about Muslim unity have been presented by Director Albasira Syed Nisar Hussain Tirmizi in the article under consideration. Syed Nisar Hussain Tirmizi have been working for a long time on the endeavours and thoughts of eminent personalities belonging to the Subcontinent and the world of Islam in connection with bringing Muslims close to one another. His two books have so far been published on this subject and another book in the name of ‘Kashkoul-e-Wahdat’ is in the preparatory phase. This work is part of the articles on the subject of Muslim brotherhood and togetherness being published in the Monthly Payam.

 


Abbas Sukhaira and Pakistan movement

Introduction

By Syed Asad Abbas

Mian Muhammad Abbas Sukhaira was born at Abohar village in Ferozepur district. His grandfather Mian Amra Sukhaira, Nawab of Mamdot and Mahraja Faridkot were landlords of the same standard. His father’s name was Hafiz Din Muhammad whose grandfather Muhammad Ismail had memorized the Quran by heart. Mian Muhammad Abbas Sukhaira obtained his early education from Abohar, his native village. He did his matriculation in 1940. The younger son of Allama Iqbal was his class-fellow during his study in college, whereas Aftab Iqbal, Allama’s son from his first wife, was his teacher. Late Malik Muhammad Qasim and Nobel Laureate late Dr Abus Salam were also among his classmates. His grandfather Mian Amra Sukhaira and Ahmad Khan Koul were close friends and both were freedom activists staunchly opposing the British rule. They remained loyal to the freedom struggle despite being arrested several times. There were so many Quran memorizers in their family that one Hafiz (one who memorizes Quran by heart) had to recite the whole Quran in three days during Ramzan so that every memorizer could get the turn of reciting the holy book in the said month. In normal circumstances all those who used to offer prayers in the first row behind the Imam were Quran memorizers. Abbas Sukhaira’s father would always recite the Quranic verses. He was a very virtuous and truthful person. An English had said about him: ‘He is the real son of Mian Amra’. Mian Muhammad Abbas Sukhaira had close association with Chairman Albasira Syed Saqib Akbar. He graced the Albasira office several times with his presence. I have penned his memories that he himself had stated and the same have been published in the form of a book titled ‘Meri Yadain’. In the context of Pakistan’s Independence Day, two important chapters from this book based on the memories of this servant of the Pakistan movement are being reproduced in the July and August issues of Monthly Payam for the benefit of its valued readers. These pieces will prove fruitful for those interested in the events of the Pakistan movement.

 

 

Womanly qualities

Introduction

Mufti Amjad Abbas

Mufti Amjad Abbas, Director Albasira Research-section, is conversant with both traditional and modern education. He has deep insight into Arabic, Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and Ilm al-Uṣul al-fiqh (science of principles of Islamic jurisprudence). His unique writings on social media has made him a well-known and familiar personality. This piece of writing is based on his various pieces published on social media in which he has talked about different subjects in the context of his studies. It is worth mentioning here that Mufti Amjad Abbas has presented his viewpoint on these topics with a jurisprudential background which is based on his understanding of religion and it is not necessary that it represents a particular sect. It should only be seen as an opinion of a person.

 

Quran and Finality of Prophethood

Mufti Muhammad Siddique Hazarvi

 

Mufti Muhammad Siddique Hazarvi has in this piece of writing stated that it is a special attribute and huge honour for the noble Prophet (pbuh) to be chosen as the last of prophets. Explaining the word 'Khatam-un-Nabiyyin' used in the Quran and Hadith for the holy Prophet (pbuh) with the help of various Arabic lexicons, the author has said the clear implication of this word is that the prophethood has been culminated and finalized in Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh). It is a short but comprehensive write up on the subject.

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Extracts of Monthly Payam

October-November 2017

Translated by: S kifayat Rizvi

The event of Karbala from Kalami perspective

Dr Mohsin Naqvi

 

Was Imam Hussain’s uprising justified and legitimate according to Kalami and jurisprudential point of view? Should have Imam Hussain revolted when the people of Medina and Makkah had pledged allegiance to Yazid though under coercion? Such types of other debates that took place after the event of Karbala are unnecessary and groundless, according to my perspective. The basic realities have been ignored in all these debates and discussions.  Protection of religion, protection of human life, protection of property, protection of mind and protection of progeny are in the list of main goals of Islamic law. The complete and perfect religion in the sight of God which was introduced through the Last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) revolves round these five goals and it doesn’t matter whether you look at Makki or Madani verses, because these are the very goals that when their attainment is not possible and these values become non-existent in the society, the need of a new prophet and a new Sharia arises. It is known through examining the prophetic mission of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) that he (the Prophet) established the society on these very pillars. The most important among these goals is the protection of religion for which sacrifice of life and property is offered too. The sacrifice of mind is that it remains subservient to Sharia whereas the authentic meaning of progeny is only what the Sharia has fixed for it. The wrong and erroneous system established in the name of ‘dignity and honour’ can’t provide protection of progeny. One gets aware by analyzing the historical roles of the noble Prophet (pbuh) and the Ahlul Bayt that they not only fixed these five goals of Sharia but also tried to protect them. Although they were not in the seat of authority, they strived to make others understand the secret that everything is safe when religion is safe and that it is not important for any society to remain existing in the history, but what is important is that it survives with its true and real values.

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