The process of establishing relationships with different governments have been going on since ancient times and disregarding such a course has been never possible in history. It is a different thing to see what has been the attitude and conduct of the powerful governments with the weak governments. In the contemporary times institutions have come into existence at the global level.
These international bodies have devised rules and laws for initiating relationships among different states and all the countries have made a vow to abide by these rules. However, ulamas use to exchange views with respect to establishing relations between Muslim and non-Muslim states. What should be the nature of these dealings and under what rules should these relations take place? These and similar other questions were posed to several ulamas and they did not hesitate to give their responses. While answering the question what type of relations should Muslim governments have with non-Muslims, Mufti Muhammad Siddique Hazarvi expressed his views as under:
There is no harm in having ties with non-Muslim governments and by doing so Muslims can get an opportunity to easily propagate the message of their religion in non-Muslim lands. Muslim governments need to send moderate, unbiased and dynamic preachers to non-Muslim states in order to make them aware about the true nature of Islamic teachings. However, these relations must be based on equality. In case non-Muslim governments impose ban on Muslim practices and rituals and don’t hesitate insulting Islamic symbols, then it is vital to break ties with them.
Speaking on the topic, Allama Mufti Gulam Mustafa Rizvi expressed his views in the following words:
The common feature among Muslim states is Islam. Although every Muslim government preaches its own ideas and beliefs, but Islam provides the basis of cooperation among all of them. For example, Iran is our brotherly country having its own system and set of beliefs, but Islam makes us one. As far as non-Muslim states are concerned, it is our responsibility to live with them peacefully as well. Islam does not at all allow to have dissensions and discord without any valid reason or to create such an atmosphere providing excuse to the rulers of other states to act against us. Islam wants all to live together in a peaceful and loving atmosphere. Our attitude towards non-Muslim countries should not be aggressive but friendly. We must not have strained political relations with them rather we need to have warm and friendly ties with them. It is only then that peace and tranquility can prevail across the globe.
Note: For details, please refer to the book titled, ‘The religious sects of Pakistan’ (Pakistan ky Deeny Masalik).